Can I use $q.all in AngularJS with a function that does not return a .promise?

Can I use $q.all in AngularJS with a function that does not return a .promise?

By : Osman
Date : November 22 2020, 11:12 AM
I wish this helpful for you $q.when is used in scenarios where you don't know upfront whether the function is returning a promise or a direct value.
The following example/plunker shows a method, whose result is used in $q.all, and which returns different type of object (int or promise) every time it's called:
code :
app.controller('MainController', function($scope, $q, $http) {
  var count = 0;

  function doTask1() {
    var defer = $q.defer();
      .success(function (data) {
      .error(function () {

    return defer.promise;

   * This method will return different type of object 
   * every time it's called. Just an example of an unknown method result.
  function doTask2() {
    var x = 99;
    if(count % 2){
      console.log('Returning', x);
      return x;
    } else {
      var defer = $q.defer();
      console.log('Returning', defer.promise);
      return defer.promise;


  $scope.fetchData = function(){

    // At this point we don't know if doTask2 is returning 99 or promise.
    // Hence we wrap it in $q.when because $q.all expects 
    // all array members to be promises
        $scope.results = results;


<body ng-app="myApp" ng-controller='MainController'>
  <button ng-click="fetchData()">Run</button>

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How can I return a promise from a function that calls a $http.get in AngularJS?

How can I return a promise from a function that calls a $http.get in AngularJS?

Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
like below fixes the issue Easy, you return a promise yourself. You need to inject $q for this (take a look at the docs for more information).
Then you can update your code to:
code :
getX: function ($scope) {
    var defer = $q.defer();
    $http.get('/api/X/GetSelect').success(function (data) {
    }).error(function (data) {
    return defer.promise;
Return value of a promise to a function in AngularJS

Return value of a promise to a function in AngularJS

By : user2457938
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
With these it helps You should change the way you think about things when you work with asynchronous code. You no longer return values, instead you use Promise or callback patterns to invoke code when data becomes available.
In your case your factory can be:
code :
.factory('dataService', function($http, $log, $q) {
    return {
        getTeacher: function(teacher) {
            // Originally this was a jsonp request ('/teacher/' + teacher)
            return $http.get('http://echo.jsontest.com/key/value/one/two').then(function(response) {
                return response.data;
            }, function() {
                $log.error(msg, code);
dataService.getTeacher('Lanc').then(function(data) {
    $scope.teacher = data;
AngularJS - return promise success value to the calling function

AngularJS - return promise success value to the calling function

By : Jasinthar Amir
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
it helps some times The current value of user being a promise is correct. Once the promise gets resolved, it will be assigned to the data returned on success.
But you have to be careful when reassigning objects or arrays. See Service variable not updating in controller
code :
$scope.grantRole = function(user) {

    function success(data){
        angular.copy(data, user);
    function error(err){
How can I return an AngularJS promise from a function return?

How can I return an AngularJS promise from a function return?

By : olafur
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
it fixes the issue I have this Typescript / Javascript function: , Your wordFormRowClicked function must return a promise:
code :
var _this = this;
wordFormRowClicked = function (wf) {
    var self = _this;
    var promises = [];
    if (_this.wordFormIdentity != wf.wordFormIdentity) {
        angular.forEach(self.word.wordForms, function (wf, key) {
            var wordFormNgForm = 'wordFormNgForm_' + wf.wordFormIdentity;
            if (self[wordFormNgForm].$pristine) {
            else {
                var updatePromise = self.wordFormUpdate(wf).then(function () {
                    return self[wordFormNgForm].$setPristine();

    return $q.all(promises);
wordFormRowClicked.then(function () {
    //at this point all promises are resolved
    this.wordFormIdentity = wf.wordFormIdentity;
How can I return an AngularJS promise from a simple function?

How can I return an AngularJS promise from a simple function?

By : prabbide
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
Hope this helps My code is doing this: , Assuming wordFormUpdate is promise:
code :
wordFormRowClicked = (wf): ng.IPromise<any> => {
    var self = this;
    if (this.wordFormIdentity != wf.wordFormIdentity) {
        return self.wordFormUpdate(wf);
wordFormRowClicked(someParam).then(() => {
    this.wordFormIdentity = wf.wordFormIdentity;
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